The period of leadership in the Indonesian republic stipulated by the 1945 Constitution may only last for 5 years and can run for another 5 years, or in a constitutional manner a President has the right to leadership for 10 years or 2 periods based on the prerogative rights of the people manifested in Article 7 of the 1945 Constitution. It has become a tradition of Indonesia every time towards the end of the year of governance, many related institutions evaluate what achievements have been achieved and what deficiencies need to be criticized to be homework for the next leadership period.
One of the representatives of the institution that provides an assessment of Jokowi – JK’s administration is the Research Director of the Center for Economic Reform (CORE), Piter Abdullah, said that the performance of Jokowi-JK in the economic field is quite good. This is supported by the clarity of economic concepts highlighted in the Jokowi-JK leadership era.
“In the economic field, although it cannot be said to be extraordinary, but overall, I value quite well. There are two things that later color the policy, namely investment and competitiveness, supported by ease of business, and availability of infrastructure,” he said while talking with Liputan6.com. Saturday (10/20/2018).
Piter said, Jokowi-JK’s courage and commitment to boost Indonesia’s economy through infrastructure development should be appreciated. “Jokowi’s main achievement in the first 4 years is the success of building massive and evenly distributed infrastructure. It can be done with the courage to drastically increase the price of subsidized fuel in the beginning of government,” he said.
However, Piter considered that the world of investment and competitiveness of the Republic of Indonesia still had no significant impact in the 4-year period.
“The ease of trying to improve, followed by an increase in competitiveness rankings, but all meaningless if not followed by a surge in investment growth. As a result, economic growth is stuck in the range of 5 percent,” he said.
In addition, the chairman of the Golkar party, as well as the industrial minister Airlangga Hartanto, also gave the same view of poverty in Indonesia has diminished in the four years of the administration of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) and Vice President Jusuf Kalla (JK).
“The four years of Pak Jokowi’s reign have made it clear that poverty has diminished,” Airlangga said at the opening of the Golkar Party Rakornis Bappilu at the Grand Mercure Hotel, Kemayoran, Jakarta, Saturday (10/20/2018).
Airlangga explained that economic growth also remained stable with the lowest inflation since the monetary crisis in 1998.
“Then infrastructure development was achieved, then Indonesia’s achievements in the eyes of the world were positively responded to in the IMF-World Bank,” he said. This is also coherent with BPS data which shows that Indonesia experienced the lowest point in terms of percentage of poverty since 1999, namely 9.82 percent in March 2018. With a percentage of poverty 9.82 percent, the number of poor people or per capita expenditure per month in below the poverty line reaching 25.95 million people.
With a poverty percentage of 9.82 percent, the number of poor people or the per capita expenditure per month below the poverty line reaches 25.95 million people. “March 2018 for the first time the percentage of poor people is in 1 digit. If seen before, it is usually 2 digits, so this is the first time and the lowest,” BPS Chief Suhariyanto said at a press conference in his office on Monday (07/16/2018 ).
A different view was presented by Economist Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (Indef) Bhima Yudhistira, assessing productivity and competitiveness is still a big homework for the Jokowi-JK economic team.
“In the latest 2018 Global Competitiveness Index, Indonesia’s position is at 45. Compared to neighboring countries ASEAN Malaysia occupies the top 25 positions, Thailand 38 and Singapore rank 2,” said Bhima.
Bhima continued, international market competitiveness can also be seen from the growth target of non-oil exports, the government’s National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) is only 14.3 percent in 2019. The realization of January-September 2018 has only grown 9.29 percent.
“So to reach 14 percent need extra work, amid trade protection by partner countries like India and the US. So the target is still overshooted,” he said.
But behind the joy of Jokowi – JK leadership for 4 years leading Indonesia, the most fundamental thing is the role of the Indonesian people themselves who both support and criticize the government’s performance. Because an advanced country is a government and people who work together.