Since independence until 2014, Papua, dubbed “black pearl land” became one of Indonesia’s most marginalized region, from massive exploitation by American giant company, Freeport to separatist groups that continue to threaten sovereignty on the borders of Papua. Not without reason since the first Papua only utilized its natural resources, but ignore the welfare of its people, various interests to enrich foreign countries is very thick there. But God never sleeps, the prayers of the Papuan people are heard by the Almighty, the presence of Jokowi among the Papuan people, like an oasis in the desert.
when began the first agenda as president, Indonesian President Joko Widodo explained that one of the domestic policies is to develop and build infrastructure throughout Indonesia. The President believes that the program to build toll roads, railways and infrastructure will improve the local economy and improve the lives of people in remote areas.
One of the most priority is infrastructure development in Papua and West Papua. Although rich with natural resources, this region lags behind with other provinces. The population lives below the poverty line of 25 percent of the population. Twice more than the national figure of 10.7 percent (BPS, March 2017).
Below are some of the changes and progress that Papuans felt during the leadership of Joko Widodo.
1. The OPM Separatists Surender
The TNI considers the surrender of the National Liberation Army – the Free Papua Organization (TPN-OPM) because development in Papua is progressing. A total of 155 people sympathizers of armed groups in Sinak, Puncak regency, Papua, ‘down the mountain’. They then declared their loyalty to the Republic of Indonesia. 155 The man included the head of the Utaringgen Telenggen (KKB) Criminal Group. They went down the mountain and went to Sinak Koramil Headquarters on March 15 at 14.30 WIT, accompanied by Reverend Zakarias Tabuni. On Monday (20/3), hundreds of people were then came to the inauguration of BPD (Local Development Bank) Papua Cash Office. There is the Regent of Puncak Jaya Wilem Wandik. In the event, Wilem gave a flag of Red and White to Utaringggen Telenggen and 154 sympathizers of the armed group. Now hundreds of people are really back to the lap of the Indonesian side. But they asked for their aspirations to be met. Their aspiration is to obtain a decent and healthy honorarium, also ask for security guarantees from TNI and Polri because they are still threatened with armed groups led by Lekagak Telenggen and Gombanik Telenggen. They are the people from Kampung Weni and The Village Rumagi Mageabume District, Puncak Jaya.
2. Construction of Trans Papua Road
The government targets the Trans Papua road to be fully connected by 2019. The land routes divided into Papua and West Papua provinces will connect Sorong and Merauke along 4,329.55 km without breaking.
However, not all Trans Papua roads were built during the era of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) who started the construction of this road on a large scale since 2014. Based on information collected detikFinance, as written in Jakarta, Friday (5/1/2018), the construction of Trans Papua road has started since the era of Government of the third President of RI, BJ Habibie. The Ministry of Public Works and People’s Housing (PUPR) declared West Papua Trans Road as long as 1,070.62 kilometers (km) officially connected to Trans Papua Road as a whole. This is marked by the opening of all access roads of West Papua Trans.
Director of Road Development Directorate General of Highways State Minister for Public Housing and Public Work Achmad Gani Ghazali Akman said that the development of West Papua Trans Road can be accelerated because the government ensures the availability of material supply and efficient the construction work system. Although West Papua Trans Road access has been connected to the entire set of Trans Papua Road, the government is still needing to speed up the work until the road construction is complete.
3. Fuel Oil 1 Price
The BBM One Price program with the slogan of “Fair Energy” from 148 locations throughout Indonesia, 33 of which are located in Papua and West Papua. Of the 33 locations in Papua, nine of whom have enjoyed BBM Satu Harga. The price of fuel there can initially reach Rp 100,000 per liter.
With this policy, the fuel price of one province in Papua and West Papua is now ready to be realized with the selling price of Rp 6.450 per liter and diesel fuel Rp 5,150 per liter. The price is not only at gas stations but also at the lower handover point as at the dealer level or Premium Solar Agent & Oil (APMS).
For the year 2017 targeted there are 54 channeling institutions completed. Of these targets, 10 operators are currently operating in North Sumatera Province (South Kab.Nias), West Sumatera (Mentawai Islands), Central Java (Kab.Jara), East Java (Kab.Sumenep), West Nusa Tenggara (Kab.Sumba), East Nusa Tenggara (Kab.Sumba Timur), Southeast Sulawesi (Kab.Wakatobi), East Kalimantan (Kab.Mahakam Hulu), West Papua (South Sorong District) and North Maluku (Kab.Pulau Morotai).
4. Suppressing Commodity Prices
Head of Distribution of Central Statistics Agency (BPS) of West Papua Province, Hendra Wijaya in Manokwari said, West Papua deflation in August 2017 was -0.62 percent.
Besides food commodities, he said, this deflation also occurred from the contribution of service prices in transportation, communication, and financial services group.
He explained that the fall in prices of some food commodities had a significant effect on deflation.
“Spices contribute up to -6.85 percent, fresh fish -2.45 percent, vegetables -1, 48 percent, milk eggs and some other commodities -0.10 percent. For transportation -1.24 percent, “he said.
He revealed, the price of air transportation tickets also have a good enough contribution to deflation in the area.
“It’s been three months in a row the price of air tickets experienced deflation, starting from June to August. Ticket prices are getting more competitive, “Wijaya said.