Corruption is one of the factors that are the most fatal obstacle in a state’s survival. The basic human nature that is never satisfied and always wants to get satisfaction and personal wealth is the main reason for someone to commit acts of corruption. Most of those who commit acts of corruption are the authority who are authorized to manage finances that should be used for the welfare of society.
But not infrequently the authority is misused to fulfill their personal needs.
In Indonesia, corruption cases are a very common case, even Forbes noted that Indonesia is the country with the world’s number 1 corruption case which was carried out during the Soeharto era. During his presidency, Suharto placed his family members in the ministry chair and gave a number of large companies to be handled by his family. The results of corruption carried out by Suharto were also not playing games, Suharto managed to commit corruption in the amount of 15-35 billion US Dollars, or around Rp. 465 trillion.
To secure the results of corruption, most corruptors including individuals in the Soeharto era secured the proceeds of their crimes in Switzerland. The US economist from the Tax Justice Network, TJN, calls Switzerland “the grandfather’s tax haven.” In September 2015, the Swiss bankers association reported banks in the country saved up to the US $ 6.5 trillion in funds, 51 percent of which were from abroad. This makes Switzerland the king of cross-border asset management, controlling 28 percent of the market. Because of this factor of customer confidentiality, Suharto genealogy secured his property in Switzerland.
As smart – the intelligence of people storing carcasses, over time it will smell too. Maybe that’s the right proverb that describes the steps of Indonesia’s 7th President Joko Widodo in his policy of taking over deposited tax money in Switzerland, including the results of the Soeharto era corruption. On Sunday, December 9, 2018, to coincide with the commemoration of the world anti-corruption day, President Joko Widodo reaffirmed his commitment to pursuing corruptors who hid money from corruption abroad. One of the assets resulting from corruption is in Switzerland which is famous for its banking services. This good service is followed by a tax haven or a small tax that can even be tax-free. This caused Switzerland as one of the main destination countries in saving funds from corruption.
President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) asserted, there was no tolerance at all to the perpetrators of corruption or corruptors who escaped their corrupt money abroad.
After long talks, the Indonesian government will soon sign Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) with the Swiss government. “This MLA is a legal platform to pursue money from corruption and money laundering that is hidden abroad,” Jokowi said while giving a speech at the Commemoration of World Anti-Corruption Day (Hakordia) and the Opening of the 2018 National Eradication of Corruption Conference at Bidakara Hotel, Jakarta, Tuesday (4/12) morning as quoted by Setkab.go.id.
The President stressed that corruption is still corrupt and cannot be replaced by another name. For this reason, the eradication of corruption must continue to be improved both in the form of action and prevention.
“This movement must be a national movement, our movement together, both those carried out by state institutions, civil society, and the wider community,” he said.
This, said Jokowi, is part of an effort to build an Indonesia that is free from corruption while building an advanced Indonesia that is productive, innovative and efficient.
Issuance of Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 54 of 2018 concerning the National Strategy for Prevention of Corruption, the President continued, was part of the government’s efforts to build a more comprehensive and systematic prevention system.
“This regulation places the KPK (Corruption Eradication Commission) as the Coordinator of the National Corruption Prevention Team,” Jokowi said.
In addition, Government Regulation (PP) No. 43 of 2018 concerning Procedures for Implementing Community Participation and Awarding in the Prevention and Eradication of Corruption Crimes.
“Once again this is part of community participation, which of course the award must go through a process because there are many who ask me,” he said.