The city is one component that becomes an image in a country. Every tourist who visits a country, the first impression they see is certainly the beauty of nature and the city. That way, every foreign tourist who comes will give a positive value that the country is worthy of becoming a destination and certainly has an impact on the country’s economy. This is certainly realized by one of the mayors in Indonesia Tri Rismaharini who confidently included the city she led, Surabaya, at the world prestigious award ‘The 4th Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation’ which was held in Guangzhou, China.
With hard work and support from various elements, Surabaya finally won the Guangzhou Award in the category ‘Online Popular City’ on Friday (7/12). The award was received directly by the Mayor of Surabaya, Tri Rismaharani. The Guangzhou Award is organized by the United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG), the World Association of the Major Metropolises (Metropolis), and the Guangzhou City Government.
Surabaya’s victory was based on voting which was closed at 3:00 p.m. WIB, Friday, December 7, 2018. Surabaya won 1,505,535 votes beyond the cities of Yiwu, China and Santa Fe, Argentina.
At the event, Surabaya Mayor Tri Rismaharini or Risma explained the development of the City of Heroes who continued to innovate. In 2003, said Risma at the event which took place in Guangzhou, China, Surabaya experienced several problems.
Waste is one problem. In addition, Surabaya is known as a hot, dry city, and often floods when it rains. In fact, almost 50 percent of the Surabaya area is flooded. “Overcoming this problem, we invite strong public participation to work hand in hand with the city government in managing waste,” said Risma in front of 400 judges and 14 finalists at the 2018 Guangzhou International Award.
Risma invited the community to participate in solving the problem. In addition, the city budget is limited. Residents, continued Risma, were taught how to manage waste independently. The concept is 3 R or reuse, reduce (reduce), and recycle.
According to Risma, public participation was a major factor in the city’s success. One of them is the method of making compost at low cost. Residents are introduced to a garbage bank. Residents collect organic waste in the waste bank. Then the waste bank processes the waste into compost.
While inorganic waste is reprocessed into valuables. The garbage can be used as material for decorating, flower pots, or Christmas trees. “Surabaya also works with international partners in waste management methods, including Kitakyushu City for composting and sorting waste,” continued Risma.
The City Government also built a reservoir as a catchment during the rainy season. The function of the reservoir is water reserves during the dry season.
Risma said the Surabaya City Government made 58 reservoirs and 28 thousand hectares of mangrove forests being conserved in the eastern coastal region. There is also a program to plant thousands of trees to make 45.23 hectares of urban forest and 420 city parks.
As a result, said Risma, the public can enjoy an increase in the air and water quality index, reduce the volume of household waste, reduce the flood area from almost 50 percent to only 2 to 3 percent, decrease the level of disease and decrease the average temperature of 2 degrees Celsius.
Risma’s explanation received appreciation from the judges and finalists. They appreciated the leadership figure of the Mayor of Risma who was able to encourage her people to participate in helping the government in waste management.
The jury also determined four other cities as winners, namely Milan, Guadalajara, Wuhan, and Mezitli. These cities have won the Guangzhou Award based on seven aspects of assessment, including program originality, impact on society and the city, and a spectrum of popular participation.